Vietnam Work Permit Requirement

  • 16/10/2023

Vietnam work permit requirements 2023 - LHD Law Firm guide 

Work Permit in Vietnam
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Vietnam work permit requirements 2023

Vietnam's work permit requirements are set to change in 2023. Currently, foreign nationals who wish to work in Vietnam must obtain a work permit from the Vietnamese government. However, starting in 2023, foreign nationals will only need to obtain a work permit if they are working in certain occupations.

Overview of Vietnam's work permit requirements for

Vietnam is a beautiful country with a rich culture and history. However, it can be difficult to find employment in Vietnam if you don't have the proper work permit. The requirements for a work permit in Vietnam can vary depending on your occupation and the type of work you will be doing. Generally, you will need to have a job offer from a Vietnamese company before you can apply for a work permit. The company will also need to obtain a work permit approval from the Vietnamese government. Once you have a job offer and work permit approval, you can apply for a work permit at a Vietnamese embassy or consulate. The process can take several weeks, so it's important to plan ahead. Once you have your work permit, you will be able to work in Vietnam for up to two years. After that, you will need to reapply for a new work permit.

How to apply for a work permit in Vietnam

In order to apply for a work permit in Vietnam, you will need to submit the following documents to the Vietnamese Department of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs:
- Your passport, which must be valid for at least 6 months from the date of application
- A health certificate, which must be obtained from a Vietnamese hospital or clinic
- A criminal background check, which must be issued by your home country
- A letter of invitation from your employer in Vietnam
- A completed application form
Once your application is complete, you will need to pay a processing fee and wait for your work permit to be issued. The processing time for a work permit in Vietnam is typically 2-3 weeks.
The types of work permits available in Vietnam
There are different types of work permits available in Vietnam. The type of work permit you need depends on your occupation and the length of your stay in the country.
The most common type of work permit is the short-term work permit, which is valid for up to three months. This type of work permit is typically used by businesspeople who are only staying in the country for a short period of time.
If you are planning to stay in Vietnam for a longer period of time, you will need to apply for a long-term work permit. This type of work permit is valid for up to one year and can be renewed.
If you are a student studying in Vietnam, you can apply for a student work permit. This type of work permit allows you to work part-time while you are studying.
There are also work permits available for volunteers, religious workers, and journalists.

Tips for applying for a work permit in Vietnam

There are a few things to keep in mind when applying for a work permit in Vietnam. First and foremost, make sure that you have all of the required documents. These include a passport, a CV, a job offer letter, and a health certificate. Next, be prepared to pay the application fee, which is currently $50. Finally, submit your application online or in person at the nearest Vietnamese consulate.

Types of work visa

To work in Vietnam and remain for an extended period, foreigners need to apply for a long-term visa. There are a number of options depending on what business or work the visitor intends to engage in.

The most common form of work visa is an LD visa. This is for foreign employees of organizations operating in Vietnam

List of visas for Vietnam 

Visa Code Description Validity
DL   Tourist visa Up to 90 days*
EV   Electronic visa, or e-visa 30 days
HN   Meetings/conferences Up to 90 days
LD LD1-2 Foreign worker/working visa 2 years
LV LV1-2 Working with Vietnamese authorities 12 months
LS   Lawyer visa 5 years
DT DT1 Investor visa: issued for investors with total investment capital over US$4.35 million, or for investment into ‘prioritized’ sectors, professions, or geographical areas determined by the government. 5 years
DT2 Investor visa: issued for investors with total investment capital between US$2.17 million and US$4.35 million, or for investment into ‘encouraged’ sectors, professions, or geographical areas determined by the government. 5 years
DT3 Investor visa: issued for investors with total investment capital between US$135,500 and US$2.17 million. 3 years
DT4 Investor visa: issued for investors with total investment capital less than US$135,500. 12 months
DN DN1-2 Working with Vietnamese businesses 12 months
NN NN1-2 Chief representative office in Vietnam, Head of Project Office of Foreign NGO 12 months
NN3 NGO staff, Representative Office 12 months
DH   Student/Internship 12 months
NG NG1-4 Diplomatic visa 12 months
PV PV1-2 Press and foreign correspondents 12 months
TT   Dependents of holder of LV1-2, DTI-3, NN1-2, DH, PV1, LD1-2, LS 12 months
VR   Expatriates visiting their relatives or for other purposes 6 months
*To acquire a tourist visa for Vietnam exceeding 30 days, visitors must be sponsored by a travel agency.

Applying for a work permit

A work permit is required to apply for a temporary residence card or a working visa in Vietnam. Under the new Labor Code 2019 that took effect in 2021, work permits are issued for a period of up to two years and restricted to only one renewal.

Note: Foreign workers cannot apply for a work permit for themself. This must be done by their employer in Vietnam.

Getting approval to employ a foreign worker

Organizations that wish to employ a foreign worker, must first seek approval from the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs (MoLISA). Ideally, this should be applied for 15 days in advance of the foreign worker commencing their employment.

Eligibility requirements

To be eligible for a work permit, the applicant must comply with the following conditions:

  • Be at least 18 years of age;
  • In good enough health to satisfy job requirements;
  • A manager, executive director or expert with technical skills and knowledge necessary for the job; and
  • Not currently subject to criminal prosecution or any criminal sentence in Vietnam or overseas or have a criminal record.

Processing times

Processing a work permit can take up to 10 business days. However, government offices may ask for additional documents which may increase processing times. Applicants should start the process well ahead of time, ideally three months ahead of work commencement, where practical.


Costs for a work permit vary depending on the time you intend to stay in Vietnam and the type of visa you apply for. For a full price list see: Vietnam Visa Costs: What You Need to Know in 2022.


Currently, work permits for foreigners are valid for a maximum of two years and are not renewable. A new application must be made if the company wishes to continue employing the foreign worker for more than two years.


A work permit may be terminated in the following circumstances:

  • Expiration of work permit;
  • Termination of labor contract;
  • The content of the labor contract is not consistent with the work permit granted;
  • If the foreign employee is fired by the foreign employer;
  • Withdrawal of work permit by authorized state agencies;
  • Termination of operation of the company, organization, and partners in Vietnam; and
  • The foreigner is sentenced to prison, dies, or is proclaimed missing by the court.

Work permit exemptions

In certain circumstances, a foreigner may work in Vietnam without a work permit, but they need to apply for a work permit exemption certificate. This certificate is equivalent to a work permit, valid for up to 2 years, and also serves as a basis to apply for a temporary residence card.

A notice must be submitted seven days in advance to the provincial MoLISA prior to working in Vietnam.

As per Article 154 Labor Code No.45/2019/QH14, the following categories are exempt from work permits:

  • An owner or capital contributor of a limited liability company with capital contribution value met by the government regulations;
  • Chairman of the Board of Directors or a member of the Board of Directors of a joint-stock company with capital contribution value met by government regulations;
  • Heads of representative offices, chiefs of project offices, or someone working for a foreign non-government organization in Vietnam;
  • Working in Vietnam for less than three months;
  • Coming to Vietnam for less than three months in order to resolve an emergency or a technologically complex situation that could affect production, which Vietnamese experts or foreign experts currently in Vietnam are unable to resolve;
  • Lawyers granted a professional permit in Vietnam;
  • Cases under the provisions of an international treaty to which Vietnam is a signatory;
  • Foreigners who marry Vietnamese people and live in the Vietnamese territory; and
  • Other specific cases allowed by the government.

Vietnamese authorities are becoming stricter regarding work permits. Those who violate the regulations by working in Vietnam without a work permit may be penalized or, if unable to meet work permit requirements, deported back to their home countries within 15 days. In addition, the employer’s operations may be suspended for three months with a possible penalty of up to US$3,300.

Entering border-gate or coastal economic zones

Foreigners entering border-gate or coastal economic zones, under the decision of the government, may be eligible to enter visa-free. The coastal zone needs to meet the following conditions:

  • Having an international airport and a separate space (definite boundaries and separated from the mainland);
  • In accordance with the socio-economic development policy; and
  • Does not pose a threat to national security, defense, social order, and safety.

This type of visa exemption is valid for 30 days.

Transitioning from one visa to another

Prior to the most recent update of Vietnam’s regulations, foreigners who entered Vietnam on one visa, for example a tourist visa, and then wished to transition to a work visa, would need to leave the country.

This is no longer the case.

In the following situations holders of Vietnamese visas may transition from one visa type to another without leaving the country.

  • Investors and representatives of a foreign organization investing in Vietnam;
  • Dependents of Vietnamese citizens; and
  • Being invited or guaranteed by agencies or organizations, and having a work permit or work permit exemption certificate.

Temporary residence cards (TRC)

A temporary residence card entitles foreigners to enter and exit Vietnam over an extended period (2-5 years).

TRCs for workers

Foreigners who hold work permits valid for one year or more and a work visa, members of management boards of directors, heads of company branches, and Chief Representatives of representative offices of foreign enterprises in Vietnam, can be granted a Temporary Residence Card (TRC).

TRCs for investors

A TRC is issued by the immigration agency under the Ministry of Public Security, and is valid from one to ten years, depending on the visa type. As per the Immigration Law, the duration of each investor visa type of TRC is based on the amount of contributed capital, as follows:

  • TRC – DT1 visas: up to 10 years;
  • TRC – NG3, LV1-2, LS, DT2 and DH visas: up to 5 years;
  • TRC – NN1-2, DT3, and TT visas: up to 3 years; and
  • TRC – LD1-2, and PV1 visas: up to 2 years.

Investors using a DT4 visa (with a capital investment of less than VND 3 billion, or US$128,800) are not eligible for a TRC.

Expired TRCs will be considered when granting new cards.

Foreign employees with a TRC can enter and exit Vietnam without a visa within the valid terms of their TRC. The processing time typically takes five working days while the fee varies between US$80 to US$120 depending on the duration of the card.

With a DT1 visa, investors can apply for a temporary residence card initially for two years.

Permanent residence cards (PRC)

An expatriate who has a legal residence while earning a living in Vietnam may also apply for a Permanent Residence Card (PRC); however, they are subject to the following conditions:

  • The expat works for the development of Vietnam and is awarded a medal or title by the government;
  • The expat resides temporarily in Vietnam for three or more consecutive years and is sponsored by his parent, spouse, or child who is a Vietnamese citizen and has a permanent residence in Vietnam; and
  • Foreign scientists or experts recommended by the head of a ministerial or government agency.

The processing time typically takes five working days with a fee of US$100. A PRC holder can stay in Vietnam without a visa; however, a PRC must be re-issued every 10 years.

Other Common Types of Visas for Vietnam

Note: These visas do not entitle the holder to work in Vietnam.


In addition to updating its work visa process, Vietnam also updated the processes and procedures for the e-visa system, allowing a single-entry visit with a duration of up to 30 days, for 80 nationalities.

Tourist Visas

Tourist visas are granted to individuals who wish to visit Vietnam for leisure purposes. They are normally limited to 30 days, however, with the support of an authorized tour company they may be granted for up to 90 days.

Entering Vietnam without a Visa

In order to enter Vietnam, most foreigners need a visa issued by a Vietnamese Embassy or Consulate. A Vietnamese visa can be granted while in a third country or from within Vietnam.

That said, citizens of a number of countries can receive visa free entry to Vietnam. These include:

  • ASEAN countries: from 14 to 30 days;
  • Chile: 90 days; and
  • Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Norway, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, and the UK (British citizens only): 15 days
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