Vietnam is a potential destination for foreign investors due to its political stability, abundant human resources, and cheap labor. In the past 5 years, FDI inflows from foreign investors into Vietnam have increased dramatically. The company registration process in Vietnam is quite simple, but there are specific instructions for foreign-owned businesses. In this article, the experts of LHD Law Firm will share with you how to register a company in Vietnam.
Foreign investors who want to register a company in Vietnam must ensure the following conditions:
Business owners can set up a Vietnamese company with 100% foreign capital in almost any industry: commerce, information technology, manufacturing, and education.
However, some industries still have limited foreign ownership such as advertising, logistics, and tourism. In this case, foreign investors will need a Vietnamese joint venture partner.
There is no specific regulation on any minimum capital in Vietnam for most business lines. However, it must be enough to cover the company's costs during its establishment. Most businesses set a minimum capital of 10,000 USD. The Department of Planning and Investment will assess whether your capital contribution is appropriate for the business line.
However, some business lines still require minimum capital, including: Foreign language Center, Skills School, Real estate company, Bank, Insurance, Finance and Fintech.
Investors need a business address to set up a company in Vietnam. Service firms such as consulting firms may use virtual office addresses. Most manufacturing companies, restaurants, retail trade, etc. must have a physical location or office.
The Department of Planning and Investment may check your address during your company registration. You can submit documents as proof of your address.
Foreigners who are looking to register a company in Vietnam must have at least one legal representative residing locally, possibly a resident director. He or she is not required to have a status of residence at the time of incorporation. However, they must have a residential address in Vietnam.
If the director is also the founder, he or she will not need a work permit. Instead, the person will have to apply for a work permit exemption. If the director of the company is a foreigner and is not the founder of the company, he will need a work permit in Vietnam.
In case the company wants to appoint another legal representative who is a foreigner who has not yet resided in Vietnam, he must come to Vietnam to apply for a work permit. The appointed foreign legal representative also needs to have at least 1 year of experience in a management position.
The Vietnamese government allows foreign investors to choose one of the following business types when registering a company in Vietnam: Limited liability company (single member or multiple members), Joint Stock Company, Partnership, Branch Office, and Representative Office.
It's the most common form of company formation for foreign investors. There are two types of liability companies: single-member limited liability companies and multi-member limited liability companies.
For a single-member limited liability company, there is only one member. For a multi-member limited liability company, at least 2 members are required, up to a maximum of 50 members. The responsibility of the members revolves around being responsible for the amount of their contributed capital.
The advantages of registering a limited liability company in Vietnam include: the ability to decide all issues related to business activities, simple management, cost savings and control over the change of members. Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) should choose this category.
Disadvantages of a Limited Liability Company include: it is not allowed to list on the Vietnam Stock Exchange while the founders are not allowed to issue shares to the public; members of a limited liability company may not reduce their charter capital during the operation period; it is more difficult for the company to gain trust from partners and customers than a joint stock company due to its low charter capital.
A joint stock company is the only business type that can issue corporate bonds in Vietnam and is allowed to be listed on Vietnam stock exchange.
The minimum number of shareholders of a joint stock company is 03 people. There is no limit to the maximum number of shareholders. The member's responsibility revolves around being responsible within the amount of his/her contributed capital.
The structure of a joint stock company is ideal for medium and large businesses as it requires a minimum of 3 founders to set up. This type of enterprise has the advantage of high capital mobilization ability, the ability to operate in different business fields, and is allowed to freely transfer shares.
However, this type of business has some disadvantages such as: The procedure for registering a company takes a lot of time and costs; financial, accounting as well as internal legal issues are strictly managed by the state; The control, monitoring and management are relatively complicated.
A partnership is a formal arrangement of 2 or more general partners to run a business and share profits. General partners are liable to the extent of their overal personal assets. General partners may transfer part or all of their shares with the consent of other general partners.
A partnership offers a number of advantages such as: ease of trust and connection between the company and its partners and customers due to unlimited liability in the scope of all assets. Reputation is also often associated with partnerships.
However, establishing a partnership means being liable to the extent of all assets, which can pose a huge risk to the partners. The company is also not allowed to issue securities to raise capital.
Foreign companies can choose to set up a branch office in Vietnam. This type of company operates under the same structure as the partial expansion of the parent company in Vietnam. The owner of a multinational branch in Vietnam is allowed to conduct business activities, make and register profits without establishing an external legal entity.
The condition to open a branch office in Vietnam is foreign company must be established and conduct business activities for at least 5 years outside of Vietnam. The branch office in Vietnam must appoint a resident representative, file annual tax returns and submit audited financial statements.
The Vietnamese branch will not be recognized as a separate legal entity from the parent company. When transferring profits from the branch to the parent company, the company will not be tax deductible.
Foreign companies established outside of Vietnam can choose to set up a representative office in Vietnam.
However, this type has many limitations. Foreign companies registered as Representative Offices are not allowed to generate income on behalf of the company. The representative director or legal representative can sign documents on behalf of the foreign company if that person is authorized. This business type is prohibited from conducting income-generating business activities. Therefore, it is often selected by companies that only have the goal of observing the local market before fully expanding.
Business owners may choose to establish a representative office if their primary purpose is to conduct market research and promote the parent company's activities.
To register a company with foreign capital in Vietnam, you need an investment registration certificate. The Department of Planning and Investment is responsible for issuing this certificate. It usually takes about a month to receive the certificate.
Authority to issue Investment Registration Certificate:
Management boards of industrial parks, export processing zones, hi-tech parks, and economic zones shall receive, issue, adjust and revoke investment registration certificates of investment projects in them;
The Department of Planning and Investment is responsible for receiving, granting, adjusting, and revoking the Investment Registration Certificate for investment projects outside industrial parks, export processing zones, hi-tech zones, economic zones, etc. except for the following cases;
The Department of Planning and Investment at the place where the investor is expected to locate the head office or the executive office that will implement the investment project receives, issues, adjusts and revokes the Investment Registration Certificate.
Documents to be prepared to apply for an Investment Registration Certificate
A written request for permission to execute the investment project;
Copy of citizen identification or passport (if the investor is an individual); a copy of the Certificate of Establishment or an equivalent document certifying the investor's legal status (for institutional investors);
The investment proposal has the following information: investors participating in the project, investment objectives, investment scale, investment capital, method of capital mobilization, location and duration of investment, labor demand. activities, request for investment incentives, evaluate the socio-economic efficiency of the project;
A copy of one of the following documents: the investor's financial statements for the last 2 years; commitment to the financial support of the parent company; financial support commitments of financial institutions; guarantee on the financial capacity of the investor; a description of the investor's financial capacity;
Office lease contract, documents proving the lessor's rights (Certificate of land use rights, construction permit, Certificate of business registration with real estate business function of the lessor or the equivalent sheet);
Investor's demand for land use; if the project does not use land, provide a copy of the ground lease contract or other document certifying that the investor has the right to use the site for implementation;
A written explanation of the application of technology to projects on the list of technologies restricted from transfer by the law on technology transfer, clearly stating: the technology name, origin, process diagram technology, basic specifications, condition of machines and equipment, and operating principles of the project. technological line;
Business cooperation contract (if the project is implemented under the business cooperation contract).
Procedures for registration of Investment Registration Certificate
Investors must register to declare online information about investment projects on the National Information System on Foreign Investment.
Within 15 days from the time the investor has submitted the online application, the investor shall apply for the Investment Registration Certificate to the Investment Registration Authority.
After receiving the application, the investor will be given an online account to access the National Information System on Foreign Investment to monitor the processing and result of the application.
In case of successful issuance of the Investment Registration Certificate, the investment registration authority shall issue a code through this account to the investment project; In case the application is rejected, this agency must notify the investor in writing and clearly explain the reason.
Companies in Vietnam must also have a Business Registration Certificate (BRC) or an Enterprise Registration Certificate (ERC). The Department of Planning and Investment is responsible for issuing this certificate.
Documents to be prepared to apply for a Business Registration Certificate
Business registration application form available; Company rules;
List of members (for limited liability companies) or related parties (for joint stock companies);
Certified copy of:
A copy of the citizen's identity card or another identification document of the member being an individual;
Establishment decision, Certificate of business registration or equivalent documents of the organization and power of attorney; Identity card or another identification document of the authorized representative of the member being the organization. In case the member is a foreign organization, a copy of the Certificate of Business Registration or an equivalent document must be consular legalized;
Investment registration certificate of foreign investors by the provisions of the Law on Investment
Procedures for applying for a Certificate of Business Registration
You must apply to the Business Registration Office via the National Business Registration Portal within 03 - 05 days.
The Business Registration Authority will issue the Business Registration Certificate.
After being granted an Enterprise Registration Certificate, you must make a public announcement on the National Business Registration Portal according to the order and procedures within 30 days from the time of publication.
For companies that retail goods or set up retail establishments:
Retailing is the sale of goods to individuals, households, other individuals, and organizations for consumption. Therefore, investors are not required to issue business licenses for export, import, and wholesale goods (not in the commodity groups: lubricants, rice, sugar; video articles; books; newspapers). , Journal). Investors issue business licenses when retailing goods and setting up goods in retail establishments.
For international travel companies (inbound):
Foreign investors are only allowed to conduct international travel business within the scope of bringing foreign tourists into Vietnam.
For foreign language training companies:
The investor must obtain the approval of the Department of Education and Training during the process of granting the Investment Registration Certificate. Before going into operation, enterprises must apply for a license to operate a foreign language training center at the Department of Education and Training.
The business registration certificate number is also the tax code of the company. Companies must pay taxes through an online system. Companies also file tax returns and reports through this system. To be granted access to this system, businesses must have a digital signature.
After receiving the BRC, you have 90 days to make the capital contribution. Failure to do so will result in a fine.
Depending on the line of business, some companies need to apply for a sub-license or additional business license.
Occupations that require a sub-license: Manufacturing, logistics, recruitment, accommodation.
Cases where additional business licenses are required: Companies selling or distributing cosmetics
Corporate compliance in Vietnam includes the following:
Paying Taxes: The company is obligated to pay taxes quarterly, based on estimated earnings. Taxes payable include corporate income tax, value-added tax, and personal income tax. Companies must also pay annual license tax starting from the second year of business.
Annual Report Submission: An independent Vietnamese auditing firm must review your financial statements at the end of each financial year.
Filing a foreign investment report: The report must include profits, losses, and expenses throughout the year.
Compliance with labor laws: Your company's employees must be registered for social insurance. All foreign employees have the necessary permits to be eligible to work in Vietnam.
Consulting on company registration in Vietnam for foreign investors is the professional consulting field of LHD Firm. Over 15 years of work, we have completed legal work on more than 6,800 projects for businesses and individuals from 32 countries around the world.
By providing you with The Best Investment Legal Service and a wide range of CUSTOM & COST EFFECTIVE SOLUTIONs to set up a company in Vietnam or manage an existing business, LHD Law Firm will complete your company registration in Vietnam through a seamless, fast and hassle-free process.
With a team of experts with expert knowledge in investment law and a deep understanding of business in Vietnam, we ensure that your recently established company can develop and expand rapidly while complying with the laws of the Tax Department of Vietnam.
Our service includes everything so that you can easily register your company in Vietnam:
Consulting on conditions for registration of foreign-invested companies: capital contribution ratio; conditional business lines; business location;
Advice on choosing the right type of company for investors
Looking for office space and legal representation of your business
Advising and guiding investors to prepare necessary documents to register foreign-invested companies;
Consulting, drafting company registration documents for investors;
Representing investors to work with Vietnamese authorities throughout the process of company registration for investors
Consulting on accounting, tax and legal services for investors after establishing a company
LHD Law Firm has shared with you some basic legal information to register a company in Vietnam. Hope this information will help you in the process of investing in Vietnam.
Meet with an attorney. We get legal advice on the type of business best suited to your situation.
Then find an office space so that your business not only has a place of business, but also a specific office address required by the government to apply for a business license. If you are not the legal representative for your business, you need to find a trusted partner.
Prepare all the necessary documents and make sure that you meet all the necessary requirements before applying for a business license. Expect a 15-day waiting period for a Vietnamese-owned company and a 60-day waiting period for a foreign company.
Running your Vietnamese business now has the ability to hire employees and enter into business contracts. There are several things you need to do, such as obtaining your company seal, applying for a tax identification number, opening a company bank account, and publicly announcing your incorporation. Periodic duties include employee tax, accounting report and insurance payments.
(In addition to legal advice, we also provide accounting services for companies with foreign capital for these companies)
Everything we do at LHD Law Firm is focused on assisting your business through our investment law expertise and local business experience in Vietnam.
So that your enterprise can grow and expand quickly and avoiding the costly traps that many start-up investors fall into at the hands of unscrupulous lawyers and agents.
How we accomplish this.
We offer the best investment legal service in Vietnam, as well as a wide choice of INDIVIDUAL AND ECONOMIC EFFECTIVE SOLUTIONS for starting a business in Vietnam or managing an existing one.
What we can do ...
Lawyer: Thanh Thuy (email: firstname.lastname@example.org)
→ Lawyer specializing in advising on setting up foreign capital companies in Ho Chi Minh City
She graduated with a master’s degree in Commercial Law - City Law University of Ho Chi Minh City.
Consultancy language: English and Vietnamese
She is as one of the top 20 lawyers in Vietnam, highly rated by Legal500 and Hg.org → specializes in foreign investment, having realized more than 6800 projects in 15 years...
Lawyer: Phuong Khanh (email: email@example.com)
→ Lawyer specializing in advising on setting up foreign capital companies in Hanoi
She has a master's degree in Commercial Law from Hanoi Law University.
The language of consultation is English and Vietnamese
A senior associate at LHD firm in Hanoi, she has 15 years of experience in foreign investment consulting, having implemented more than 2,466 projects in Vietnam.