Set up a company in Hai Phong, Vietnam offers a choice of forms to those considering setting up a business in Hai Phong Viet Nam. The principal types of business organizations are: business cooperation; joint venture; company with 100% foreign owned capital in Hai Phong; branch of an overseas company Hai Phong; and representative office of an overseas company.
Business Cooperation: The Business Cooperation provides foreign traders a possibility to invest into primarily large scale projects in Vietnam and to transfer any revenue therefrom back to their home country. The partners are jointly and severally liable for the debts of the cooperation and the profits are shared among the partners according to the Business Cooperation Contract. With less binding obligations the Business Cooperation offers to the parties a higher level of independence in various aspects, such as personnel and taxes. Setting up a Business Cooperation requires a written Business Cooperation Contract that is subject to approval by the competent authority. The term of business is limited to a maximum of 50 years. The parties may transfer their shares to third parties during the business term with a preemption right of the other parties to the contract. This type of cooperation is generally chosen by Vietnamese Partners, such as the Post and Telecommunication Companies.
Joint Venture: A joint venture between foreign and Vietnamese partners shall always have the form of a limited liability company with the foreign partner/s having 30% or more of the legal capital of the company. The establishment of a joint venture company is subject to the approval of the competent authority. The application for approval shall include- a feasibility study for the joint venture project;
- The contract between the partners;
The name of the joint venture company should be in Vietnamese or in both Vietnamese and English. The current Law on Foreign Investments in Vietnam does not require a fixed minimum capital for a joint venture company in general. Minimum capital requirements exist only in sensitive businesses, e.g. credit institutes. However, the legal capital shall at least amount to 30% of the total investment capital. The term of a joint venture is limited to a maximum of 50 years and may be prolonged up to 70 years upon application. The parties may transfer their shares to third parties during that term with a preemption right of the other parties to the joint venture contract. The parties to a joint venture contract shall establish a board of administration composed of representatives of the parties. Meeting of the board of administration shall be held at least once a year. The board of administration appoints the (general) director and further vice-director/s. Either the (general) director or the first vice (general) director shall be Vietnamese national.
Company With 100% Foreign Owned Capital: If no limitations are prescribed by law, a foreign trader may establish a company with 100% foreign owned capital in Vietnam. The establishment of a company with 100% foreign owned capital is subject to the approval of the competent authority. The application for approval shall include- a feasibility study for the investment project;
Foreign Company Branch: Carrying on business in Vietnam by every foreign company is subject to a license by the competent authority. The application for a branch license shall include a certified copy of the company’s document of incorporation, list of activities of the branch in Vietnam, the name of the representative in Vietnam, the address of the branch in Vietnam and the number of foreigner working at the branch office. A branch license shall be granted within 15 days if:
Representative Office: If an overseas company establishes an office that is not used to carry on business or enter into any transaction that causes direct revenue in Vietnam, it may apply for establishment of a representative office. The application for establishment of a representative office shall include a certified copy of the company’s document of incorporation, the name of the representative person in Vietnam and the address of the representative office in Vietnam. The license to establish the representative office will be granted within 15 days upon receipt of the application. Any change to the information mentioned above shall be approved by the competent authority.
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