THE PRIME MINISTER
SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Hanoi, November 20, 2009
APPROVING ORIENTATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF WATER DRAINAGE IN VIETNAMESE URBAN CENTERS AND INDUSTRIAL PARKS UP TO 2025 AND A VISION TOWARDS 2050
THE PRIME MINISTER
Pursuant to the December 25, 2001 Law on Organization of the Government;
Pursuant to Decree No.88/2007/ND-CP dated May 28, 2007, on urban and industrial park water drainage;
At the proposal of the Minister of Construction,
To approve the orientations for development of water drainage in Vietnamese urban centers and industrial parks up to 2025, and a vision towards 2050 with the following contents:
- Water drainage is a public-utility service; the State encourages domestic and foreign organizations and individuals of all economic sectors to invest and do business in the water drainage domain under Vietnamese laws on investment, construction, operation and use of water drainage systems.
- Water drainage systems must be built in a synchronous manner, ensuring the drainage of rain water and wastewater, including the collection, carriage and treatment thereof for each basin; to prioritize investment in the construction of synchronous water drainage systems in big urban centers (of special grade, grade I, grade II) or urban centers being tourist centers or greatly affecting the environment.
- Common water drainage systems will be built in combination with wastewater-separating facilities for urban centers where already exist systems of culverts; separate water drainage systems will be built for industrial parks, hi-tech parks, export processing zones, economic zones (below referred collectively to as industrial parks) and new urban centers as well as small urban centers where water drainage systems are not yet available; existing lakes and ponds will be effectively used to regulate rain water and reduce water source pollution.
- Standalone industrial factories and service establishments which discharge hazardous wastewater must treat it before discharging into the common culvert systems of urban centers or industrial parks.
- Key works will be invested in phases to select proper size and capacity; particularly, culvert systems, newly constructed or improved, must be capable of carrying rain water and wastewater as forecast in the long-term water drainage planning.
- Wastewater treatment technologies shall be selected to suit the natural conditions, sizes and characters of urban centers and economic conditions. To prioritize the use of home-made technologies and equipment.
- Investment in the construction and management of water drainage systems will be socialized, mobilizing domestic and international resources.
- To adopt the policy that polluters must pay the cost of pollution treatment, then water drainage charges will cover the management and operation of water drainage systems and partly investment costs.
2. Vision towards 2050:
In big urban centers of grade IV upwards, complete water drainage systems will be constructed to drain rain water, collect and treat wastewater. In small urban centers (of grade V), and craft villages, wastewater will be collected and treated at concentrated or scattered treatment stations. In urban centers, local inundation will be absolutely redressed and all wastewater will be treated up to set standards before being discharged into the environment.
a/ General objectives:
To orientate the development of water drainage in urban centers and industrial parks to serve national industrialization and modernization as well as environmental protection; on that basis, to formulate plans and specific programs of action to develop water drainage in urban centers and industrial parks in a stable and sustainable manner in each period.
b/ Specific objectives and targets towards 2015:
- To prioritize the drainage of rain water:
+ To do away with frequent inundation during the rains season in urban centers of grade II upwards.
+ To expand the service capacity of water drainage systems from 50-60% at present to 70-80%.
+ All water drainage systems will be managed for regular operation and periodically maintained.
- To construct and upgrade wastewater drainage systems:
+ To build systems of daily-life wastewater-collecting culverts and treatment stations for urban centers of grade III upwards for collection and treatment of 40-50% of urban daily-life wastewater up to set standards.
+ All wastewater from hospitals and industrial establishments will be treated up to set standards before being discharged into common culverts of urban centers or into the environment.
+ All operating industrial parks will have separate wastewater drainage systems and wastewater will be treated up to set standards.
+ 30% of wastewater from urban centers of grades IV and V and craft villages will be treated up to set standards.
- To build or install public toilets for people and tourists in urban centers of grade IV upwards.
c/ Specific objectives and targets towards 2020:
- Rain water drainage:
+ To do away with inundation in urban centers of grade IV upwards.
+ To expand the service capacity of water drainage systems to over 80%.
- Wastewater drainage:
+ Urban centers of grade III upwards will have concentrated daily-life wastewater-collecting systems and treatment stations, raising the percentage of daily-life wastewater collected and treated up to set standards to 60%. In urban centers of grade IV or V and craft villages, 40% of wastewater will be treated up to set standards.
+ Surface water-collecting works, culverts and canals running through populated areas must not cause environmental pollution.
d/ Specific objectives and targets towards 2025:
- Rain water drainage:
+ To do away with regular inundation in urban centers.
+ To expand the service capacity of urban water drainage systems to 90-95%, and 100% for urban centers of grade IV upwards.
- Wastewater drainage:
+ Urban centers of grade IV upwards will have consolidated daily-life wastewater-collecting systems and treatment stations; the percentage of daily-life wastewater collected and treated will reach 70-80% and wastewater will be treated up to set standards. In urban centers of grade V, 50% of wastewater will be treated up to set standards.
+ Craft villages will have consolidated or scattered treatment stations operating regularly and the quality of wastewater discharged into the environment will reach the prescribed standards.
+ 20-30% of wastewater will be re-used for plant watering, road cleaning and other purposes in urban centers and industrial parks.
1. To complete the system of legal documents on water drainage:
- Reviewing and evaluating the current legal provisions on water supply and drainage.
- Reviewing legal documents and promulgating new ones on:
+ Quality standards of daily-life and industrial wastewater discharged into water drainage systems, wastewater discharged into receptacles (rivers, sea, lakes...).
+ Standards on scope of protection of water sources for every form of water use (daily-life water supply, recreation and entertainment water supply, aquaculture water...).
+ Standards on self-compost and semi-compost tanks, regulations and instructions on the use of self-compost and semi-compost tanks.
+ Standards on probe wells, rain water-collecting wells on water drainage systems.
+ Regulations on treatment of mud and sediments of wastewater treatment stations (including self-compost tanks), instructions on the use of post-treatment mud and sediments.
2. Water drainage system development planning and plans:
- Centrally run cities shall formulate and approve master plans on water drainage systems, identifying the system diagrams, water drainage basins, rain water and wastewater receptacles identifying investment projects and investment phases.
- Urban centers shall formulate annual and long-term plans on investment and development of water drainage systems under approved planning, including plans on capital mobilization, investment, construction, operation management and training to raise the capability of water drainage management units.
3. Investment in the development of water drainage systems:
- To concentrate investment capital sources from central and local budgets and aid from international financial institutions and foreign governments on water drainage systems.
- To encourage organizations and individuals to invest in urban water drainage systems in various forms.
- Units investing and dealing in industrial park infrastructure shall arrange adequate capital sources for the construction of water drainage systems under approved plans and projects. Industrial parks under construction will be allowed to operate only when they have standard wastewater-collecting and -treating systems.
- To support craft villages in building small-sized or scattered treatment stations for treatment of wastewater up to the environmental standards.
4. Mechanisms and policies applicable to the water drainage sector:
- To prioritize ODA capital sources for the development of water drainage systems in urban centers, especially big cities, urban centers affected by natural calamities (floods, sea tides...) which cause great impacts on the environment.
- To annually arrange reasonable state budget portions for investment in urban water drainage systems. To prioritize the use of the central budget as domestic capital of ODA projects for urban centers meeting with financial difficulties.
- To raise capital from domestic and foreign organizations and individuals for the construction of water drainage systems, especially wastewater treatment plants, in various forms.
- Localities will create rotary credit and sources to support poor households in building self-compost tanks up to set standards, especially in outlying areas, small urban centers and craft villages.
- To encourage domestic and foreign enterprises to use profits from their investments in other infrastructure facilities for investment in water drainage systems.
- Investment projects on construction of water drainage systems will be entitled to incentives and state supports under law.
- To work out a roadmap for increase of water drainage charges so that by 2015, the water drainage charges will fully cover expenses for management and operation of water drainage systems.
5. Development of water drainage technologies, equipment:
- To select wastewater treatment technologies suitable to natural conditions, development level and investment capability, taking into account future upgrading. To research into and proceed to master advanced wastewater treatment technologies.
- To research into, and organize the production of home-made high-quality supplies and equipment, satisfying use demands; to encourage the use of high-quality home-made supplies and equipment.
- To research into and complete simple wastewater treatment technologies with low operation costs for small urban centers, craft villages and populated areas where live low-income earners.
- To prioritize the research into, and manufacture of, equipment in service of operation management, suitable to economic conditions and use capability of each locality.
6. Human resource development:
- To qualitatively and quantitatively improve the water supply and drainage engineers, meeting the sector development requirements.
- To consolidate and expand vocational training schools and raise the quality of training of water supply and drainage workers to meet the water drainage system management, operation and maintenance requirements.
- To formulate operation mechanisms and create an environment in the water supply and drainage sector in order to attract capable science workers for technological research and development and application of high scientific and technological achievements of the world.
- To train central and local specialized personnel for higher capability in water supply and drainage planning and management.
7. Organization of water drainage management:
- To organize the unified water drainage management from central to local level. Each province or centrally run city shall identify water drainage units in charge of managing water drainage systems in the locality.
- To consolidate and develop water supply and drainage training centers in the northern, central and southern regions.
- In localities, to enhance the enforcement of laws on water drainage and wastewater discharge, ensuring that all organizations and individuals strictly observe the law and regulations.
8. Education and communications:
- To introduce basic knowledge on rain water and wastewater drainage and environmental protection into general education curricula; to organize study tours, inquiries into, and assessment of existing water drainage systems and urban environment for pupils.
- To step up communications on the role of rain water and wastewater drainage systems for environmental protection and the responsibilities of organizations and individuals towards water drainage systems.
- To supply information on state policies on water drainage as well as measures for management of water drainage systems and wastewater discharge into the environment.
9. International cooperation:
To intensify scientific and technological exchange and cooperation with international organizations and non-governmental organizations, aiming:
- To exchange and learn experience in water drainage.
- To invest in the construction of water drainage systems.
- To receive technical assistance, technological transfer and training.
Organization of implementation
1. The Ministry of Construction:
- To assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with concerned ministries and provincial-level People's Committees in, materializing the orientations for development of water drainage in urban centers and industrial parks up to 2025 and a vision towards 2050; to draw up short-term (to 2015) and long-term (to 2025) plans and programs.
- To assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with provincial-level People's Committees in, determining the water drainage and wastewater treatment demands of urban centers in each period, proposing priority projects in the use of ODA capital and state budget development investment support capital and submitting them to competent authorities for approval under regulations.
- To study models of concentrated and scattered wastewater treatment technologies suitable to the sizes, characters and natural conditions of urban centers, industrial parks or craft villages; to promulgate technical regulations on sanitation facilities.
- To coordinate with municipal People's Committees in finalizing the urban water drainage planning by 2015.
- To consolidate and develop water supply and drainage training centers.
- To finally review the implementation of the Government's Decree No. 88/2007/ND-CP dated May 28, 2007, on urban and industrial park water drainage and relevant legal documents on water supply and drainage.
- To revise the water drainage standards and technical regulations to meet synchronous development requirements; to guide the estimation of funds for water drainage project planning, consultancy and appraisal, for management and operation of water drainage systems.
- To assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment in, establishing a database on urban water supply and drainage.
2. Concerned ministries and branches:
Ministries and branches shall, depending on their respective functions and tasks assigned by the Government, draw up plans and action programs for materialization of the orientations and coordinate with the Ministry of Construction in implementing these programs.
3. Provincial-level People's Committees:
- To organize the implementation of the Government's Decree No. 88/2007/ND-CP dated May 28, 2007, on urban and industrial park water drainage.
- To consolidate water drainage units and water drainage management in their respective localities.
- To coordinate with other localities in formulating plans to exploit and protect basin water sources.
- To encourage domestic and foreign organizations and individuals to invest in the development of water drainage systems for urban centers and industrial parks in their respective localities.
- To formulate water drainage planning and plans suitable to local development, to organize and oversee the implementation thereof.
- To identify public toilet demands and models for urban centers in their localities, to mobilize and allocate capital sources for the complete construction and installation of public toilet systems in urban centers by 2015.
- To identify demands and solutions for investment and for the construction of wastewater treatment facilities in craft villages.
- To organize and carry out communication activities on water drainage and environmental protection.
This Decision takes effect on the date of its signing.
Ministers, heads of ministerial-level agencies, heads of government-attached agencies, chairpersons of provincial-level People's Committees and concerned organizations and individuals shall implement this Decision.
FOR THE PRIME MINISTER DEPUTY
Hoang Trung Hai
(This translation is for reference only)